I’m full on board with EV’s, and I’m hoping to get a few more years out of my beater truck ’till there’s a EV truck on the market. With that said, with some companies announcing they’ll be full EV soon, and the US gov’t announcing that all fed building are getting charging stations…..I realize now that there is one industry that is not yet on board: Homebuilders. As far as I can tell, there are few (or none) local, state, or national code that requires an EV charger. We know, with certainty, that most home/apartment builders follow the minimum code possible, and the cheapest way possible. So for most of us, even 10-20 years from now, the only way to get an EV is to retro-fit an [aftermarket charging station](https://insideevs.com/features/341500/the-ultimate-buyers-guide-to-home-ev-chargers-plus-top-5-picks/) on existing structure. Let me qualify “most”. I’m aware that most EV’s can charge with a normal 120 volt plug. And maybe get 100 miles of charge overnight. In order to get into full charge overnight, you need anywhere from 20-60+ amps, depending on vehicle/charger combo. Who doesn’t want to get a full charge overnight? Or even in a few hours, if you have to drive to an emergency 200 miles away? I’m also aware there’s lots of public charging stations, but let’s pretend there is broad saturation of EV’s in 20 years.
So here’s the problem I have with my future EV truck, which as a truck, I assume will need 30-60 amp charger to get a full charge overnight. Unfortunately, my panel is almost maxed out. Code-wise, the most I can add is a 20 amp circuit. This was confirmed with my recent inspection. I have a detached structure that takes 80 amps alone (HVAC, large floor power tools). Now bear with me, I know a panel never consumes 100% load, and you can easily plug a 40 amp charger in as long as you’re not running all of your appliances and HVAC at once, but I’m approaching this from a what-is-code-safe point of view, and thinking, maybe the building industry should start embracing charging hardware as a standard feature? Which IMHO is designing the wiring of the house to be able to comfortably accept at least a 40 amp breaker and ideally two exterior outlets.
As a homeowner, I have options, and 10 years to figure them out. Maybe I’ll have to upgrade to a 400 amp service. Maybe I convert my heat to gas and free up 30 amps. But what about renters of single family homes? Or apartment complexes with giant parking lots? Where will the chargers go? Will landlords refuse to install chargers? Will local governments force them to? What about larger homes with perhaps 3 or 4 vehicles? How do they all get a full charge overnight?
I realize all I’ve done is complained about something with no offer of a solution, other than that I hope the folks in charge of building houses and apartments come around and start future-proofing to support a larger EV fleet.